The US and India are expected to lead capacity growth in the global LNG liquefaction and regasification industries from planned and announced (new-build) projects, respectively during the outlook period 2019–2023, according to data and analytics company GlobalData.
The company’s report ‘Global LNG Industry Outlook to 2023 – Capacity and Capital Expenditure Outlook with Details of All Operating and Planned Terminals’ reveals that the US will lead globally in both capacity growth and capital expenditure outlook on planned and announced liquefaction terminals during the outlook period.
The country’s new-build liquefaction capacity is expected to grow from 26.1 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) in 2019, to 210.3 mtpa in 2023. Of the total capacity expected to come online in 2023, 94 mtpa is expected to come from planned projects that have received required approvals for development while the remaining 116.3 mtpa could come from early-stage announced projects that are yet to receive any approvals for development.
Soorya Tejomoortula, Oil & Gas Analyst at GlobalData, explains: “Booming natural gas production from shale plays is driving the US LNG liquefaction capacity growth. The expected LNG exports from these liquefaction terminals are giving serious competition to established players such as Australia...”
On the regasification front, India leads globally in terms of regasification capacity growth from planned and announced projects with 4.1trn cubic feet (tcf) of capacity expected to come online in 2023.
Of the 4.1 tcf of capacity, planned projects account for 1.8 tcf, while early-stage announced projects account for the remaining 2.3 tcf. China and Bangladesh follow India with regasification capacities of 1.9 tcf and 1.6 tcf, respectively in 2023.
The Al-Zour terminal in Kuwait is the top LNG regasification terminal globally in terms of capacity with 1.1 tcf. The planned terminal is expected to come online by 2020.