“In a nutshell, we do not believe the recent bankruptcies that have beset a number of shale players are indicative of an industry-wide epidemic,” says Alisa Lukash, a senior analyst on Rystad Energy’s North American Shale team.
During the next seven years, the top 40 US shale oil producers are expected to spend about $100bn on debt instalments and interest unless further debt refinancing is applied.
These drillers, which accounted for nearly half of US shale crude production in 2018, are facing interest payments of between $2.6bn and $5.1bn annually, while the maturities schedule totals roughly $71bn between 2020 and 2026.
During the first half of 2019, this peer group generated $23.7bn in cash flow from operations (CFO) while spending $28bn on capital expenditures (capex). Overall we see more than $112bn in outstanding debt for the considered peer group, with a combined enterprise value of $355.5bn as of September 2019.
“These numbers indicate a lack of financing to deal with the burden of the obligations. Given the low levels of external capital additions during the past 10 months, the probability of debt refinancing in the coming quarters seems relatively slim,” Lukash noted.
Rystad Energy expects further acreage restructuring and M&A activity in the industry, but emphasises that many operators have managed to combine production growth with balanced spending and debt reductions.
“One should be careful about extrapolating on the basis of a few distressed companies. The peer group is very diverse both in terms of acreage quality and in capital efficiency,” Lukash remarked.