Asia is forecast to be the major contributor to the growth of the global refinery coking units industry between 2018 and 2022, accounting for around 38% of the global planned and announced refinery coking unit capacity additions by 2022, according to GlobalData.
The company’s report – ‘Global Refinery Coking Units Outlook to 2022’ – forecasts that around 1,170 thousand barrels of oil per day of planned refinery coking unit capacity will be added globally by 2022, taking the total global refinery coking unit capacity to around 10,267 thousand barrels of oil per day by 2022.
Asia also has the highest new build capital expenditure (capex) spending globally with around $9.8bn during the 2018-2022 period. Among the countries in the region, China will have the highest planned refinery coking unit additions of 200 thousand barrels of oil per day by 2022.
Dipayan Chakraborty, oil and gas analyst at GlobalData, says: “China is planning to start three refinery coking units by 2022. The new coking units will further China’s industrial growth and help the country to increase export of refined petroleum products.”
GlobalData identifies the Middle East as the second highest in terms of refinery coking unit capacity additions. The region will add around 233 thousand barrels of oil per day of coking unit capacity and has planned capex of around $2.6bn by 2022. Saudi Arabia will be the top country in the region with planned refinery coking capacity additions of 104 thousand barrels of oil per day during the outlook period.
Chakraborty adds: “Saudi Arabia is planning to build a new coking unit at its Jizan refinery, accounting for roughly half of the Middle East’s total coking capacity additions.”
North America is the second highest among the global regions in terms of new build capex spending for refinery coking capacity additions, with around $6.9bn between 2018 and 2022. The region is expected to add around 156 thousand barrels of oil per day of planned refinery coking capacity by 2022. Among the countries in North America, Mexico will lead with planned new build capex spending of around $4.5bn during the outlook period.
In terms of capacity, Jieyang refinery in China, Pulau Muara Besar refinery in Brunei and Jizan refinery in Saudi Arabia are the top three planned and announced refinery coking units for the 2018-2022 period with capacity of 153 thousand barrels of oil per day, 114 thousand barrels of oil per day, and 104 thousand barrels of oil per day, respectively.
In terms of capex, Kitimat refinery in Canada, Tula I refinery in Mexico, and Omsk refinery in Russia are the top three planned and announced refinery coking units globally for the forecast period with capex of $2.35bn, $2.34bn, and $1.4bn, respectively.
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