NASA recently confirmed that its Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) was compromised.
Hackers were able to steal 500 MB of data using a Raspberry Pi, a modern day modular PC, the size of a credit card.
The Raspberry Pi in particular is used in a variety of situations like programming smart lights or even run retro games on it but this is the first known case where it was used to compromise a government system. In an audit report, NASA revealed the hack happened in April last year after JPL discovered that an external user account that was not validated and comporomised was used to get about half a gigabyte of data mostly pertaining to their Mars missions. The attackers were able to remain undetected for 10 months stealing 23 fles.
Fears for the attackers sending malicious data to the ISS were also a real possibility and the Johnson Space Center disconnected from the main gateway as they were responsible for the International Space Station Program.
"Classified as an advanced persistent threat or APT, the attack went undetected for nearly a year," the NASA OIG said, a term given to nation-state hacker groups.